Ethiopia in a Nutshell View
Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. The country borders six countries which include Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, and Eritrea. Ethiopia has a wide terrain with high plateau and endless mountain ranges divided by the Great Rift Valley.
The whole country has a mean elevation of 1330 meters. The highest point is Ras Dashen (4,550 meters) meanwhile the lowest point is Danakil depression (-125 meters).
The Blue Nile, the river Nile’s main headstream in terms of water volume, begins in the non-western part of Ethiopia from Lake Tana. That is to say that the mountainous regions of Ethiopia can be considered as the water tower of Africa.
Castor Bean, Coffee, and Sorghum are major crops believed to have originated from Ethiopia.
Top 10 Mountains in Ethiopia
The Semien Mountains in northern Ethiopia, are part of the Ethiopian Highlands. They are also a World Heritage Site and include the Semien Mountains National Park. These mountains consist of plateaus separated by valleys and rising to pinnacles. furthermore, The tallest peak is Ras Dejen (4,550 m) and the top four are all found in this region.
Top Five Mountains in Ethiopia briefly
Ras Dashen, part of the Semien Mountains national park, is Ethiopia’s tallest mountain standing at an altitude of 4550 meters. Having beautiful landscapes built out over the years by nature and its exotic animals the park is a world heritage site. The Semien Mountains is also as majestic as the Arizona, US, Grand Canyon. Rare species like the Semien fox, the Gelada baboon, and the Walia Ibex wild goat that are only found in Ethiopia inhabit the mountain.
Mount Ancua is at an altitude of 4462 meters. The mountain is a member of the northern Ethiopia Semien Mountains ranges. The mountain ranges are a popular place for birdwatchers, wildlife enthusiasts, and nature lovers.
This mountain sits at 4453 meters above sea level. It is a part of the mountain ranges of Semien. With its deep valleys and high plateaus, the landscape is remarkable. Human settlements form part of the countryside and they make a livelihood of the fertile hillsides. These settlers provide an attraction for mountain-trekking visitors.
Mount Bwahit is at the mountain top of the Semien Mountains. It lies at an altitude of 4437 meters. Deep gorges separate Mount Bwahit from Ethiopia’s highest peak, Mount Ras Dashen. It has steep cliffs and rugged lowlands that give climbers scenic views.
Mount Tullu Dimtu is 4377 meters above sea level and is found in Bale National Park in South-Eastern Ethiopia. This mountain hosts a variety of animal and plant species. Rodents make up a third of the mammal population in the mountain. The Giant mole-rat is a unique species in the area. In addition, the mountain host some majestic fairy-tale-like forests.
The Beauty And Biodiversity Of Ethiopian Mountains
Mountains in Ethiopia have remarkable biodiversity. The Semien Mountains National Park is a World Heritage Site, home to Mount Ras Dashen, Mount Ancua, and Mount Bwahi. Similarly, Bale Mountains National Park hosts Mount Tullu Dimtu, which is also a World Heritage Site.
Tourists swarm the Ethiopian mountains to explore the spectacular scenery and endangered species. For several years small groups co-existed in the mountains with wildlife. but As the human population increases in the mountains, biodiversity and mountain planting are under pressure. Recently, conservationists are taking action to ensure that the available resources are made sustainable. One action taken is to resettle mountain communities.